Showing posts with label Karachi Observer. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Karachi Observer. Show all posts

Sunday, August 11, 2019

Think-thank launched at AKU

By Abdul Qadir Qureshi
(Pakistan News & Features Services)

The health professionals at Aga Khan University have launched a new think tank, AKUPI-NCD, in partnership with experts from a variety of sectors, in order to recommend novel, integrated approaches to address the threat of non-communicable diseases (NCDs): the leading cause of death in the country.

Approximately 80 million Pakistanis are living with one or more NCDs, a set of chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, cancer, diabetes, conditions caused by tobacco abuse, and mental disorders, that are predominantly caused by poor lifestyle choices and environmental risk factors such as pollution and urbanization. 

Despite being the country’s top cause of death and the leading cause of poor quality of life, the country continues to pursue a fragmented approach with little coordination among stakeholders, experts said. Pakistan is far from meeting the targets set by the WHO for the National Systems Response for NCDs. 

“NCDs aren’t a problem for the healthcare sector alone. These diseases have complex causes and long-lasting consequences and their costs to society extend far beyond lost productivity and stunted economic growth. That’s because of the cost of treating advanced cases of NCDs drive many families into poverty and makes them dependent on the government or other actors in society,” AKU’s Professor Zainab Samad, chair of the initiative, remarked.

The demographics of today’s Pakistan mean that NCDs are a particularly pressing problem. Speakers noted that the majority of Pakistan’s population is under the age of 30 and warned that the coming decades could see a rising burden of these illnesses in an aging population. 

“NCDs are silent killers which continue to go unnoticed. The Airblue crash of 2010 claimed 125 lives and the public attention to the tragedy resulted in immediate regulatory action. NCDs cause 14 times as many deaths every day yet there is an absence of coordinated action from government and civil society on the issue,” Professor Wasay remarked. 

The think tank’s inaugural meeting brought together officials from the insurance, market research, non-profit, banking and public sector to discuss the creation of an integrated plan. The presence of this plan would demonstrate the think tank’s long-term vision and enable stakeholders to coordinate their efforts, speakers noted. 

AKU’s Professor Wasay, AKUPI-NCD co-chair, called on stakeholders to consider partnering on initiatives in three areas: education and training, policy advocacy and awareness, and research. 

“NCDs are preventable. Efforts to forestall their onset must begin at home at an early age. As a starting point, he noted that advocacy measures should revolve around lifestyle modification campaigns in which media organizations and schools can help disseminate information about the risks posed by tobacco use, a sedentary lifestyle and poor eating habits," he said.

The experts noted that education and training initiatives can make an immediate impact in the area hypertension as the condition often goes undiagnosed until it leads to life-threatening complications such as stroke. 

Commenting on research initiatives, Professor Wasay added that market research firms, insurance companies and public sector institutions all have information that can be analyzed to determine the most effective course of action for each type of NCD. 

Besides pooling together data, experts noted that the establishment of a central data point would advance the study of the public health impact of NCDs. 

There were a number of other experts at the event from the finance, insurance, public health and data science industries as well as representatives from the National Institute of Health and Ministry of National Health Services and Regulation.

Monday, April 29, 2019

Bahria University host exhibition

By Abdul Qadir Qureshi
(Pakistan News & Features Services)

The Bahria University, Karachi, organized an All Karachi Inter-University Open House Exhibition. 

The exhibition was inaugurated by Engr Muhammed Shafique, Vice Chairman Sindh, Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC), in a graceful ceremony. 

In his speech, Engr Shafique appreciated the objectives behind the concept of exhibition and opined that such open houses should also be organized by other public and private sector universities. He was of the view that such events greatly help the students to make their mind for future career.

He said that as a member of the PEC, he will extend all his support for holding such events which may prove a source of guidance for students. 

Engr Shafique appreciated the Bahria Univerrsity for making efforts in successfully holding the exhibition and hoped it will go a long way in providing beneficial guidance to its students. 

The exhibition was largely attended by students, faculty members from different engineering universities who evince keen interest in the exhibits on display.

Thursday, April 4, 2019

Denso Hall Facade Cleaning Festival from April 14

By Abdul Qadir Qureshi
(Pakistan News & Features Services)

The historic Denso Hall Facade Cleaning Festival would be organized jointly by the Heritage Foundation Pakistan and Rotary Club Karachi New Central from April 14.

A decision in this regard was taken at a meeting held under the chairmanship of the Commissioner Karachi, Itfikhar Shallwani, on April 1.

The founder of the Heritage Foundation and a renowned architect, Yasmeen Lari, briefed about the campaign which she described to be an effort to bring back the glory of Karachi. 

As a first step, the Heritage Foundation, is embarking on scientific cleaning of facades of Karachi’s historic buildings, beginning with the historic Denso Hall (1886) and then facades of all buildings located on Marriott Road will be taken up one at a time every Sunday as a voluntary movement for safeguarding Karachi’s heritage, and creating livelihood opportunities through pedestrianizing Marriott Road. 

The Rotary Club Karachi New Central has partnered in this noble venture and the government has ganted it its blessings. Architect Yasmeen Lari made a detailed presentation on the method for gentle scientific cleaning of Karachi’s beautiful buff coloured stone to heritage volunteers. 

It provides an opportunity to the Karachiites to participate in taking care of our heritage, Yasmin said, reminding that on various occasions Karavan Karachi’s streetfest activities were successfully carried out every Sunday, over seven months in 2001, from music to street theater to sketching. During this facade cleaning festival such activities will also be revived. 

On the occasion, the Commissioner Karachi stated that the Sindh government was making all out efforts for city's development and beatification and those from civil society who want to contribute would be considered a great support and encouraged by providing all possible support in this respect. 

He was of the opinion that the Fa├žade Cleaning Festival would help the government to carry out its programme to bring back the city's past glory. He hoped the programme would be helpful to create greater public awareness regarding various environmental aspects and also define the way forward through cooperation of government agencies and civil society to make Karachi not only the cheapest city but among the most livable cities . 

Shallwani directed the officials of KMC, DMCs, and Traffic Police and other concerned agencies to extend all possible support with regard to the cleanliness and beautification work conceptualized by the Heritage Foundation’s programme Karvan Karachi for rehabilitation work of historic buildings and streets. 

The Commissioner was informed that it would be a scientific cleaning of facades of historic buildings and cleaning and greening of streets as a voluntary civil society movement which will show the enthusiasm of the Karachiites to begin taking care of their city's environment. 

The administration will provide security and traffic arrangements for the convenience of the general public for regular Sunday Karavan Karachi street festivals which will showcase Karachi's diverse cultural heritage and provide entertainment for families including youth and children.

Monday, April 1, 2019

Police’s sacrifices in peace maintenance highlighted

By Rashid Zia Qureshi
(Pakistan News & Features Services)

The Inspector General Police, Sindh, Syed Kaleem Imam, has stated that peace was being maintained in the province through the sacrifices of police personnel of different cadres from senior to constable level.

"Some 2,500 police personnel sacrificed their lives while on duty and thousands others were injured,” he said while talking to police officials and city elites at DIG Office in Nawabshah. 

Kaleem Imam informed that a proposal has been sent to the Sindh Government seeking promotion of constables from grade five to seven and head constables from seven to nine grade for approval. 

He added that the quota for lady constables would be increased and induction of 2,500 lady constables has been recommended while steps are in hand for restoration of son quota. 

He described policing as a hard task and revealed that it received 77 alerts during recent war-like situation in which police played dedicated role while special measures were taken for protection of the CPEC projects. 

The IGP disclosed that a policy is under formulation for grant of interest free loans to police personnel. 

Speaking on the issue of 22-A, he stated that it is not being scrapped. However out of 19,000 complaints filed in different courts during 2018, around two thousand applications were accepted on which investigation was in progress. 

He was optimistic that following the reforms in police department, a common man would get justice at his doorstep. He described the performance of DIG Mazhar Abbas as outstanding. 

The ceremony, attended by Senior Superintendent of Police, Tanveer Tunio, and other senior officials, concluded with the unveiling of Complaint Resource Mechanism and Information Technology Lab by IG Syed Kaleem Imam. 

On the occasion a number of lady police personnel submitted applications of their grievances to the IG.

Wednesday, March 27, 2019

Canada, UAE collaborate in space exploration

By Abdul Qadir Qureshi
(Pakistan News & Features Services)

The Canadian Business Council (CBC) Abu Dhabi, in collaboration with the Embassy of Canada in the UAE, organized a conversation with the UAE Space Agency (UAESA) Director General, Dr Mohammed Nasser Al Ahbabi, and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) President, Sylvain Laporte, at the St. Regis Saadiyat Island on March 20. The event brought together the delegates of the UAESA, CSA and Global Space Congress and members of CBC Abu Dhabi. 

Masud Husain, Ambassador of Canada to the United Arab Emirates (UAE), presented the welcome address in which he spoke at great length of the growing relationship between Canada and the UAE and their collaborative efforts in space exploration. 

Gregory Zoughbi, Chairman of CBC Abu Dhabi, welcomed and introduced the speakers, noting on CBC’s role in promoting business relations, commerce and investment between Canada and the UAE through its Communities of Interest (COI) initiative. 

Mustafa Alrawi, Assistant Editor-in-Chief of The National opened the discussion by how the investment in space will benefit different sectors such as energy, construction, education, media and others; and what opportunities it may have to offer to society.

It was a historic moment for the UAE when it launched its first Emirati-made satellite in 2018. Dr Mohammed Nasser Al Ahbabi, Director General of the UAE Space Agency, shared how this vision came into reality because of the country’s dedicated leadership who foresaw the future of this nation as well as the region. 

The UAE’s space programme has various initiatives such as hosting the Global Space Congress and teaming up with different countries, such as Canada, with the same passion for space exploration. 

Sylvain Laporte, President of the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), talked about the many lessons learned throughout this programme, mentioning a country could not do space exploration without international collaboration. 

The CSA chief expressed great appreciation of how the UAE’s Space Agency, within a short span of tim,e has been able to achieve great milestones.

The topic on Canada’s commitment to the Lunar Gateway by providing smart robotic system was also discussed wherein he explained how this system will work and how Canada has taken advantage of the technologies from the two Canadarms. 

The informative discussion concluded with the point that the UAE and Canada have driven inspiration for the youth to get involved in space initiatives as both the countries encouraged innovation, commercialization and diversity in space. 

The Canadian Business Council Abu Dhabi (CBC) promotes business relations, commerce and investment between Canada and the UAE with a particular focus on the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.

The Canadian Space Agency (CSA), established in 1989, is responsible for coordinating all government-funded space activities in Canada and some of its more high-profile projects include its robotics, most famously the Canadarm and the Canadarm 2. 

The UAE Space Agency is a federal agency, created to take care of the space sector including all projects, activities and programmes related to outer space. 

It is focused on the development of policies, strategies and plans related to the space sector that are approved by the Council of Ministers.  
The Global Space Congress, hosted by the UAE Space Agency, is a strategic gathering of global space industry leaders. 

Promoting the worldwide industry of space, the Congress brings together over 600 key space agencies, commercial space, academia and end users of space services to evaluate the biggest opportunities in the space sector.

New evidence about post-miscarriage infection

By Abdul Qadir Qureshi
(Pakistan News & Features Services)

New international guidelines on how to provide treatment for women having miscarriage surgery are needed after a large-scale international trial has provided new evidence.

The trial, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, involved thousands of women at hospitals across four low and middle income countries, including the Aga Khan University Hospital in Karachi and 12 other hospitals across Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda. 

The findings of the study show that administering antibiotics prior to miscarriage surgery had a possible benefit when pelvic infection was defined by global standards. 

“Before the trial we had no idea what the right thing was, to reduce the serious complication of pelvic infection. We finally now have the highest quality evidence that a single, cheap, preventative dose of two commonly available antibiotics was not only safe but also appeared to reduce pelvic infection if the infection was diagnosed using strict international criteria,” lead researcher Dr David Lissauer of the University of Birmingham, remarked. 

Infections following miscarriage surgery are more common in low and middle income countries like Pakistan versus higher resource countries.

“In Pakistan, access to resources to care for women who do develop complications after miscarriage surgery is poor. The findings of this study will lead to improved treatment outcomes for women,” Dr Rahat Qureshi, associate professor, department of obstetrics and gynaecology at AKU, and one of the authors of the study along with Dr Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, the founding director of AKU’s Centre of Excellence in Women and Child Health, stated. 

“Globally there are concerns about the irrational and widespread use of antibiotics which can fuel antibiotic resistance. 

This practice is rampant in Pakistan as well which is why quality processes within our health system must be initiated to prevent infections. In addition, a balanced use of antibiotics will improve practices and reduce the risks of emergence of resistant bacteria,” she added. 

Prior to this study, there were only four trials conducted on antibiotic use in women undergoing surgery for miscarriage. These trials were conducted at single centres, used different antibiotics and assessed different outcomes. This study, however, was a multi-country, multi-centre randomised trial, the findings of which will call for a reassessment of international guidelines on the use of antibiotics in miscarriage surgery. 

A miscarriage is the most common complication of early pregnancy, the loss of a baby before 20 weeks. However, sometimes not all the residual pregnancy tissue is dispelled through the womb after a miscarriage so often a surgery is required to remove it. Miscarriage surgery is one of the most common surgical procedures carried out around the world. 

The study’s findings have implications for global efforts to achieve targets under goal 3 of the Sustainable Development Goals which call for specific measures to reduce the maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births. 

The study was funded by Medical Research Council UK, Wellcome Trust and UK Aid, and led by researchers at the Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research, the Institute of Applied Health Research, and the Health Economics Unit at the University of Birmingham.

Wednesday, February 27, 2019

Monday fever in Pakistan’s largest export industry

By Abdul Qadir Qureshi
(Pakistan News & Features Services)

Monday morning sees many workers in Pakistan’s spinning and weaving factories complain of chest pain and shortness of breath. Commonly known as ‘Monday fever’, these symptoms are actually signs of respiratory disease which resurface as employees return to work and become exposed to cotton dust.

Cotton dust is a colourless, odourless, substance that is an unavoidable byproduct of the process that converts raw cotton into yarn or yarn into fabric. 

The exposure to this health hazard causes short-term irritation in the nose, eyes and chest; and long-term damage to the lungs leading to chronic respiratory diseases like bysinossis. 

In a previous study, researchers from Aga Khan University (AKU) found that 90 per cent of textile labourers had little knowledge of the risks posed by cotton dust. 

The same set of researchers are set to partner with 28 textile mills in Karachi’s industrial areas and prominent industry trade bodies on the MultiTex randomised controlled trial. 

The trial will assess the effectiveness of four convenient, low-cost measures in reducing cotton dust levels in the sector which employs 40 per cent of Pakistan’s industrial workforce. 

The initiatives include the provision of free, disposable face masks to workers, training sessions and refresher courses for both managers and employees on health and safety, and the formation of workplace committees tasked with implementing safety procedures. 

The study will see researchers evaluate whether these initiatives can reduce the presence of the harmful substance in the workplace and the extent to which these interventions are improving the health of the workforce. 

“Respiratory illnesses are one of the leading causes of death in Pakistan. This study has the potential to protect textile workers from a chronic disease and to raise awareness of the need for robust occupational health and safety programmes. Moreover, since the research is being done in partnership with mills and trade bodies we anticipate that findings will be quickly implemented by industry,” the WHO National Professional Officer, Shehzad Alam, remarked. 

The study’s objectives are in line with the Sustainable Development Goals which call for targeted efforts to reduce the burden of chronic respiratory disease (Goal 3.4.1) and to promote safe and secure workplace environments (Goal 8.8). 

“Our study brings together employees and managers to achieve a common good. We hope to demonstrate how such collaborations can boost employee health while delivering important secondary benefits in the form of productivity improvements, compliance with global health and safety protocols and industrial growth,” Dr Asaad Nafees, an assistant professor in community health sciences at AKU., added. 

 MultiTex has been funded by a grant from the UK’s Wellcome Trust which supports innovative ideas to improve health. The trial is being conducted in partnership with the Towel Manufacturers Association and talks are ongoing with other trade bodies. Co-investigators on the study include faculty from the National Heart and Lung Institute at Imperial College London.

Sunday, February 17, 2019

Beautification campaign launched in Karachi Central

By Abdul Qadir Qureshi
(Pakistan News & Features Services)

The Chairman of the District Municipal Corporation (DMC) Central, Rehan Hashmi, accompanied by the Deputy Commissioner, Central, Farhan Ghani, carried out visits of the various parts of the district and expressed satisfaction over the sanitary conditions and state of cleanliness.

During the visit, Rehan Hashmi and Farhan Ghani launched the beautification programme by planting a sapling at the Water Pump roundabout in Federal-B-Area. 

Speaking on the occasion, the DMC Chairman remarked that directives have been issued to demolish the self made garbage dumping places and encroachments wherever existed and plant trees there. 

He pointed out that at the Water Pump roundabout, a self created truck stand was established which has since been removed and now colorful flowery plants planted which has beautified the area besides overcoming traffic jamming here. 

The DMC Chairman looked deeply involved in making District Central a model district with the available resources side by side through private-public participation with focus on upgradation of parks and playgrounds so as to make positive and healthy activities to the youth and the people at large near their home.

Saturday, February 9, 2019

Hurdles and solutions to K-IV mega project

By Salman Chandio
(Pakistan News & Features Services)

The biggest issue of Karachi nowadays remains the substantial shortage of water. In order to overcome this shortage, a critical project in name of K-IV had been taken up three years ago which is creeping so slow that people of Karachi are losing their hope day by day and they are now even afraid of riots due to water crisis.

Similar conditions were witnessed in 1998 in District West and the area had to given under the control of Pakistan Army and Pakistan Ranger along with all the Water Tanker Service who managed equitable distribution in the tanks of mosques and community places which allowed people to fetch in fixed timings as per schedule in a discipline which was beyond civil authorities, specifically with the limited KW&SB management resources. 

The KW&SB's K-IV (Phase-I ) project has been jointly managed by the provincial and federal governments and was planned to provide 650 million gallons of water daily to Karachi in three phases, but 260 MGD so far its first stage is yet to be completed. Its feasibility report was prepared in 2007 and PC-I was developed by the consultant the same year with a project cost of Rs 28 billion which was duly approved by P&D department of the Government of Sindh. 

It was also approved by the Government of Pakistan in 2011, with the project cost being Rs 25 billion. The year wise funding was also released by the provincial and federal governments to the KW&SB Project.

The total length of the Phase 1 of the project is 120 km, of which approximately 92 km is open canal, 10 km are siphons, and approximately 8 km are RCC conduits. 

The project envisages two Bulk Pump Stations each capable of pumping 260 million gallons per day, and three filtration plants- one of 130 MGD and two of 65 MGD capacity and power Connection for all Pump Houses. 

The K-IV canal runs along the Kheerthar mountain range which posed substantial construction challenges. 

The contract was divided into two packages, one of civil works and other of Electrical/Mechanical works (Pump Houses and Filter Plants) and was allotted to the Frontier Works Organization (FWO) as contractor.

Later on, while start of work the design of both packages could not be designed by designated Consultant and as yet same design, route/levels have not been got vetted from third party under objections and not finalized. 

The two years’ time of completion was given to FWO ending in December 2018. This time has now been extended up to December 2020. 

The contractor was delayed due to defective feasibility report route and PC-I based on that was also found defective when consultant and contractor reached on ground. Hence considerable delay in review of route and finalization/vetting same from third party has yet not been finalized. The work has been held up so for.

Accordingly, construction cost also is gradually increasing high up to Rs 75 billion as learnt. 

While start of work the design of both packages could not be designed by designated consultant and as yet same design, route/levels have not been got vetted from third party under objections and not finalized. 

Water is being extracted from Keenjhar Lake through three water canals and each canal for each phase. 

The project (Phase-I) initially targeted to be completed in mid 2017 but extended to December 2018. It is now is reported to be delayed for more than two years and end in December 2020. The great tragedy of this project is that it started with ill- planning, right from its inception of feasibility study and PC-I stages. Very little or no planning was done for pumping stations, power generation units and filter plants to bring the water to required height.

The actual ground condition was not highlighted in PC-I which was merely reflected position from Google. Extra massive work then was required at site including twelve bridges, eighteen pedestrian culverts in Canal's way and the staff colony. 

The augmentation work to connect the Canal/Filter plants with existing transmission water trunk main system duly ignored also needs to be laid because of the Canal/Filter plants would be 50 Kilometers distance away from it, was conspicuously absent in planning which resulted in cost overruns from Rs 25 billion to Rs 75 billion with a portal of further cost escalation. 

Further, the conditions of ground reveal that this route adopted for Canal etc is technically proved to be costly and rather total y not feasible to waste further money as there is no chance of success. How the route would change? Because they understand that the present route is correct and water will reach at their destination positively in two years. 

They may not understand how the present route will not be supported. Kindly be advised to concerned authorities who make decision positively. Their contention and technical approach is proved wrong. 

Now the responsibility fixation and re-route also depends upon authorities whether they feel their present route is okay and then should own failure or take full responsibility if water would not be reaching to city even from 50 KM away as per existing route and God forbid that all expenditures upon completion go in drain and on other side the civil war to start among citizens on shortage of water and population of city would have been doubled than 2006 when K-III was commissioned. 

They should now reaffirm to continue upon failure-route taken up as per private agenda Alternatively they may switch back and re route as per scope as was decided by GOS in approved PC-II. 

As decided by GOS in PC-II the storage would be ensured from Haleji and Hadero lakes to eliminate shortage in winter every year during four months in winter season when Indus River is dry and in future to experience more shortage in Indus. 

Secondly water will reach to nearby City and close inter connections with existing transmission system instead of connecting from 50 KMs away and expenditure of Rs 28 billion proposed would be saved. 

Thirdly the single stage Bulk Pumping will do it possible instead Double Stage Bulk Pumping about Rs 30 cores per each stage as electric bill would be saving for long life by adopting single Bulk Pumping as in K- I, II, III as yet. 

The original route based upon Single Stage Pumping with ensured supply of water direct to city on gravity basis at Rs 30 billion instead now 75 billion and expected to shoot upto Rs 100 billion or even Rs 200 billions but this route was changed by private agenda of consultants with wasted interests and without any intimation/approval the change of scope of PC-II approved by GOS. 

There shall be change of route in place of existing private agenda failure route to save expenditures, to ensure Single Bulk Pump House instead of Double Pumping House, to ensure possibility to bring water nearest to city instead 50 KMs away from city which requires Rs. 28 billion proposed and the utilization of Haleji and Hadero lakes for Storage of water during four months of winter season in addition to Keenjhar Lake. 

**The writer is former Managing Director of Karachi Water & Sewerage Board (KWSB)

Wednesday, January 30, 2019

World Bank delegation visits DMC Central

By Abdul Qadir Qureshi
(Pakistan News & Features Services)

A 5-member World Bank delegation headed by Rajul A Wasthi,  Senior Urban Immovable Property  Tax (UIPT)  specialist,   called on DMC Central Chairman Rehan Hashmi  to discuss   as to how Urban Immovable  Property Tax can be devolved to DMCs and which at present is being collected by KMC.
The delegation members included  Property Tax Consultants Wayaitgrant , William Mcclusskey .
The objective of the WB delegation was to explore the tax collection   capacity of  DMC Central and increase the tax collection through Global Information System (GIS) .
Earlier Chairman DMC Rehan Hashmi,  informed that because of  paucity of funds the tax collection staff could not be provided required training. The delegation members stressed that departmental efficiency can be enhanced through the use of computers.
The  delegation visited DMC Central  on  Sindh Government's request and gathered the required  data as well as finding out tax collection capacity. They told  Chairman Rehan Hashmi that after this meeting further line of action will follow in the next meeting .
The Municipal Commissioner Mohammed Fahim Khan, Director Taxation MIrza Asif Baig and  Deputy Directors Taxes of all four zones were also present which lasted for over an hour.

Tuesday, January 29, 2019

Haj Balloting held at AIT

By Abdul Qadir Qureshi

(Pakistan News & Features Services)

The second Haj Balloting of Aligarh Institute of Technology (AIT)  was held on Friday..

The Convener Managing Committee AIT along with other MC members were present on the occasion.

Following were the two successful candidates along with two back up candidates.
1.    Muhammad Siraj                           Maintenance Dept.,
2.    S.M.  Nasir Ali                                 Sports Officer

Back-up Candidates:
1.    Obaid Akhtar                                 Caretaker
2.    Muhammad Shahzad Khan         Transport Dept.,

In case  any successful candidate becomes unable to perform Hajj  due to any reason, back-up candidates in serial order will be allowed to perform Haj in their place.

All the above candidates are advised to submit copy of their passports to the Administrative Officer to check their validity.